This a text version of my sermon on Shabbat (4/22/18) –
This past Wednesday evening, when many people were at Beth T’filoh, at the community celebration for Israel’s 70th birthday – which I heard was terrific – I climbed into my car and drove downtown to the Hopkins Hillel building, where I met with the chairs of the Johns Hopkins J Street U organization. J Street U, as you may or may not know, is the college student branch of J Street, a DC based lobbying group that defines itself as pro-Israel, and pro-peace. It is without question left of center politically, and so recently has often clashed with the Netanyahu administration, which is decidedly right of center. J Street also focuses on the importance of a two state solution in terms of any ultimate peace deal with the Palestinians.
The students I met with – one young man, one young woman – are bright, thoughtful, energetic, and deeply invested in their own Jewish identity, and deeply invested in the future of the State of Israel. They worry that decisions that Israel is making today may have long term negative repercussions for the Jewish state. In their work on campus they raise awareness about those issues – an example would be Israel’s building of settlements over the green line – which they argue will make it more difficult to disentangle the Israelis and Palestinians and to implement the idea of two states for two peoples.
Now you may or may not agree with their politics – I suspect many of you don’t. But what I would ask you to consider this morning is whether those students have the right to express their views about Israel. Can we be comfortable, as a Jewish community, when critical ideas about Israel enter the communal conversation? Are we willing to listen to those ideas, to consider them, to respond thoughtfully to them? Or has our community entered a space where we will not tolerate views on Israel that we don’t agree with?
I personally hope we have not entered that kind of space, which is one of the reasons I went to meet with the Hopkins J Street U students. I wanted them to know that someone who represents the community – a rabbi, and a rabbi from a large synagogue at that – would agree to spend time with them, would listen to their concerns, and would engage in thoughtful dialogue with them, even if I didn’t necessarily agree with everything they said or every view they hold. The problem is this – if the community refuses to engage with young people like this, then we are shutting the door on young Jews who care about Israel, who are ready to work, to be active participants in the communal life, and once the door is shut we will lose their talent, their energy, and their love for the Jewish state. And it is hard for me to understand how that would be good for anyone.
It seems to me there are two challenges. The first is we have to let young people like that know they are welcome at the communal table. They have to feel safe in expressing their views, they have to be treated with the same respect as anyone else and not automatically and immediately shouted down every time they say something. The double Torah portion that we read from this morning, Tazria Metzora, is filled with bizarre details about skin diseases and ritual purity and impurity that to us as modern people are extremely difficult to relate to, to say the least. But at the heart of the double portion is one central concern – how can we bring people back into the community? And that is the question we need to ask about these young people. How can we let these young people know they are a valued part of the community, and that their views will be respected in the communal conversation about Israel? That is challenge number one.
Challenge number two has to do with a generational divide in terms of how the community understands Israel. By and large folks who are in the 50s, 60s, and up still see Israel under what I would call the old mythology. That is to say that Israel is a tiny country, that it is weak, that it is continually existentially threatened, and that it is continually overcoming enormous odds just to exist on a day to day basis. And if you remember, as some of you here today do, when Israel was founded 70 years ago, if you remember the ’67 war, or the YK war in ’73, that mythology is probably an important part of the way you understand the state and relate emotionally to Israel.
But many younger Jews today – Jews in the 40s, 30s, and 20s – don’t subscribe to that mythology. They have lived their entire lives without Israel being in a war. They know that Israel is strong economically and militarily, and they know Israel as the start up nation, a tech savvy, progressive, forward thinking country. They don’t see Israel as weak, they don’t see Israel as existentially threatened, they don’t see Israel as struggling to survive on a day to day basis. Their mythology is that Israel is a strong, established nation, now 70 years into its journey, powerful and secure and in charge of its own destiny.
And I would say in the course of the communal conversation about Israel both of those mythologies have to be recognized. The young people are right – Israel is strong and secure and powerful and in charge of its own fate. Just last month US News and World Report ranked the most powerful countries in the world, using a formula based on GDP, population, average salary, and military strength. Here are the top 8 countries on that list – you may guess #1 – the US. 2? Russia. 3 – China, 4 – Germany, 5 – the UK, 6 – France, 7 – Japan, and the 8th country on the list of most powerful nations in the world? Israel! 8th in the world! 70 years into its history that is a remarkable, astonishing, incredible accomplishment. With a GDP of 318 billion dollars, with a total population of 8.5 million people, with one of the world’s most powerful militaries, with an average citizen’s salary at around 35K per year, Israel is a true world power. The young people are right.
On the other hand, the older folks have a leg to stand on too. There is truth to the old mythology. Israel lives in a tough neighborhood to say the least. With Iran and Syria and Lebanon, with an active Hezbollah on its borders, Israel’s sense of security is fragile, and without question Israel has to constantly be on its guard. And when you take into account the growing Palestinian population, and the constant threat of terror attacks in Israel proper, Israel is facing challenges on a day to day basis that those of us who live in the US can barely get our heads around.
And I would argue that for us to be able to have a productive and meaningful communal conversation about Israel we have to take into account both the old and the new. Talk bout the full picture, not just one side. Israel is strong, powerful, established, but also at times threatened, and constantly facing danger and hostility from its neighbors. And to have that full conversation – to acknowledge all that Israel is, and all of the challenges that she faces – we need everyone around the table. Even – and maybe most importantly – those with whom we don’t agree. So lets open the doors as wide as we can – and with respect for one another – continue the conversation.