This is a text version of my sermon from this past Shabbat, 5/18/18 –
We began reading this morning the fourth book of the Torah, called in Hebrew Bamidbar, and in English the Book of Numbers. The book is primarily concerned with the wanderings of the Israelites through the wilderness in the course of their forty year journey to the Promised Land. By and large it does not paint a pretty picture. The Israelites are, to use a technical term, ‘kvetchy.’ They complain frequently to Moses, about just about everything, from the difficulty of the journey, to the quality of the food, to the qualifications of Moses to be their leader. That complaining is a theme that runs throughout the entire book.
And the brief snippets of narrative that the Book of Numbers offers are no better, and in fact might even be worse. It is in Numbers where we find the disastrous episode of the quail, where God gets so angry at the people for not being satisfied with manna that God gives them so much quail to eat that they all become sick. It is also in Numbers where we will read about the rebellion of Korah, a communal agitator who challenges the leadership of Moses. And Numbers contains the infamous episode of the spies, who go to scout out the land, bring a bad report back to the people, and cause God to decide that none of the Israelites who left Egypt will ever get to see the Promised Land. Or if you want to read about a family squabble you can look at Numbers 12, which describes Aaron and Miriam challenging the authority of their brother Moses, and then as punishment Miriam’s public shaming. Last but not least it is in Numbers where Moses will strike the rock, and will be forbidden by God to enter the Promised Land.
Not a pretty picture, by any means.
And I’ve always wondered, wasn’t there anything good going on when the Israelites were wandering for all those long years? If you think about it, there must have been! It was forty years! There must have been weddings. And after the weddings, babies were born. Friendships were formed. I am sure there were countless acts of gemilut hasadim, of loving kindness, of one person helping another. I imagine there were many sacred moments, celebrations of holidays, brises, and probably there were people who were gravely ill, and recovered, and their family felt tremendous gratitude. There must have been hundreds and hundreds of good things that happened to the people as they wandered towards the Promised Land, but the Torah doesn’t describe any of it.
On the one hand, I understand. In any dramatic narrative you have to have tension. That is what is interesting. That is what catches people’s attention. Imagine if you went to a movie, and the plot was as follows: two people are married, they have two children, they get up each morning and go to work, they are successful in their jobs, they come home each night, have dinner as a family, the kids tell the parents they are getting straight ‘As’ in school, the parents put the children to bed, watch an episode of a Netflix show, and then get into bed themselves, kissing each other good night before they fall asleep. Who would watch that? It would be boring!
But still, reading through the Book of Numbers, you can’t help thinking you’d like a little bit of that ‘boring.’ It can feel like an unrelenting tale of woe and misfortune, as if nothing good ever happens, or ever will. As if the only thing the people know how to do is complain. As if there is no goodness at work in the community, no good people going about their day to day lives and doing the best they can to live with kindness, compassion and mercy.
If you think about it, it is not unlike the way Israel is often portrayed in the news media and the international community. It has been a difficult week for Israel. I am sure almost everyone in the room is aware of the terrible situation at the Gaza border crossing earlier in the week, and if you pay any attention to the news you know that some 60 Palestinians were killed, and many others wounded, as they demonstrated and attempted to break through the border fence.
At this point there have been thousands upon thousands of words written about what happened. Much of the debate tends to fall along political lines, between left and right, the left tending to blame Israel for what happened, the right tending to blame the Palestinians, particularly Hamas. We know for certain that there were Hamas fighters at the border, and we know that Hamas incites violence, and that it has a stated goal of destroying the State of Israel. That we know.
We also know that no Jew who cherishes the values of our tradition feels proud of what happened at that border this week. There has been tremendous angst, both in Israel, and in the Jewish community abroad, about the loss of life on the Palestinian side, and this is something we should be proud of! That we value life that highly, even the lives of those opposed to us, even the lives of those whose stated goal is to destroy Israel, that we feel guilty, and we worry, and we wonder if something could have been done differently so that fewer lives would have been lost.
This is not to say that Israel is perfect. There is no perfect country in the world. The United States is not perfect. Israel also is not perfect. But Israel is not all bad, the way it is all too often painted in the news. Sometimes you can read the news about Israel and it is like reading the book of Numbers. All that you find are descriptions of the tragedies and the deaths and the condemnations and the UN votes. One grim narrative after another after another. That is the Book of Numbers.
So sometimes, and maybe particularly when Israel has had a difficult week, we need to remember what goodness has come into the world because Israel has existed for 70 years. We should remember that Israel is the sole democracy in the Middle East where equal rights for men and women are upheld, where freedom of the press is respected, and where religious diversity is allowed. We need to remember that Israel is a nation of learning with great universities, libraries, and museums. Since Israel’s founding 10 Nobel prizes have been awarded to Israeli scientists, more per capita than any other country in the world. Their discoveries have been shared with every nation, and the entire world has benefitted from them. This week it might be good to remember that Israel is a country with state of the art medical facilities where Jew or Arab, Christian or Muslim is cared for. We should remember that Israeli agricultural innovations are used all over the world, from South Africa to Columbia to Nigeria to India, and help feed thousands and thousands of people. Even though we ask you to turn your phones off in shul, we should remember that there are cell phone and computer technologies that are relied on across the globe that were created in Israel. And we should recall – in a week that has been hard for Israel – that the first ingestible video camera was invented there, that other medical technologies, invented in Israel, are used all over the world, and are saving lives every day.
Israel is not perfect, that is true. And it has been a hard week. That is also true. But Israel and her people are constantly striving to do better, to be better, and to make the world itself a better place. May they continue to strive for those goals, and for the greatest goal of all, peace, in the years ahead –